Published on October 27th, by Md Mehedi 58 Advantages and Disadvantages of Electronic Communication Technology in Modern Communication Communication is needed for decision making, coordination, control, and planning. Worldwide communication has been facilitated by the electronic transmission of data which connects individuals, regardless of geographic location, almost instantly.
The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible. Plausible alternatives serve as functional distractors, which are those chosen by students that have not achieved the objective but ignored by students that have achieved the objective.
There is little difference in difficulty, discrimination, and test score reliability among items containing two, three, and four distractors.
Avoid complex multiple choice items, in which some or all of the alternatives consist of different combinations of options. Keep the specific content of items independent of one another.
Savvy test-takers can use information in one question to answer another question, reducing the validity of the test. Finally, designing alternatives that require a high level of discrimination can also contribute to multiple choice items that test higher-order thinking.
Additional Resources Burton, Steven J. Guidelines for University Faculty, Cheung, Derek and Bucat, Robert. How can we construct good multiple-choice items? Developing and validating multiple-choice test items, 2nd edition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Validity of a taxonomy of multiple-choice item-writing rules.
Applied Measurement in Education, 2 1, Morrison, Susan and Free, Kathleen. Writing multiple-choice test items that promote and measure critical thinking. Journal of Nursing Education Legal Obligation.
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