Inin a voyage conducted with great competence, Cartier explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence and The name Gallia Nova New France was first recorded in on a map prepared by the brother of Giovanni da Verrazanowho, in the service of France, had explored the coasts of North America in from what is now the Carolinas north to Nova Scotia.
Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. My degree dealt mainly with Britsh colonisation, and i'm much more comfortable in that area than in dealing with french and spanish styles: But there are some key words ideas you should pay attention to.
All colonising powers have ideas or values they want to see reflrcted in their colonies. Of course, since this happened under colonial conditions the values were usually adopted under duress. The idea was to "civilise" peoples that europeans considered poor, backwards and inferior in asia, africa and latin america.
At least that was the spin put on it for general consumption. In reality, colonisation was about extracting resources and building european economies, but while you did this you still had to maintain control and look after the territories you had acquired.
Spain focused a great deal on converting the peoples in their latin american empire to christianity. This is because f Queen Isabella's commitent to her catholic faith. While others concerned themselves with the potential raches of the new world, Isabella worried about the heathen indians and their souls.
But while the church "civilised" Latin America, the Spanish were poor adminstrators. The audencia system was far too bulky to rule the continent effectively.
Also, the Spainish sysem of ruling their empire was not flexible - all major decisions were made in Spain, hundreds of thousands of miles away. When an official wrote for advice in the audencia of nueva espana mexico honduras etc. By that time, the crisis was over. But officials had no authority to take initiative, and therefore could not govern properly.
For France, the key word is always "assimilation". The french did not aim to simply to convert people to christianity. The aim was to export France - the culture, the food and the language. Therefore, the french dealt with their colonial subjects differently. They did their best make sure their colonies became outposts of france, educating their subjects and encouragin them to think of themselves as french but this was greatly expensive.
As for england - the british were always practical in their empire.European Footholds on the Fringes of North America, – Learning Objectives: (Spain, France, Holland, and England) had established lasting footholds on the coast of the new continent Dutch, and English programs for colonization in North America, as well as the motivations of the colonists in New England and the Chesapeake colonies.
The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European colonization of the Americas from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until their incorporation into the United States of America.
In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands launched major colonization programs in eastern North America. History of North America encompasses the past developments of people populating the continent of North America.
The three principal colonial powers in North America were Spain, England, and France, although eventually other powers such as the Netherlands and Sweden also received holdings on the continent.
Between and , the rulers and leading citizens of European nations fought to establish their own empires in North America, as Spain had been doing for . Between and , the rulers and leading citizens of European nations fought to establish their own empires in North America, as Spain had been doing for years in South America.
In this fifth and last section of the Toolbox, we consider the fuel driving this two-hundred-year history of Europe in North America: power. Getting it, keeping it, sharing it, redefining it, losing it, and hardest of all, keeping a clear view of where one stands in the reshuffling of power relationships.